Babies' Night Sleep Is As Important As Nutrition!
For healthy development of babies, continuous night's sleep is just as important as nutrition. Because babies really grow up sleeping. Melatonin is secreted during sleep, especially in the dark. The secretion of this hormone has an important role in strengthening the immune system and at the same time allows the pituitary gland to secrete more growth hormone. During sleep, the baby's non-working muscles also work to renew their energy stores. While babies sleep, their brains work and develop. When the baby is awake, he organizes the information he learned in the game during sleep and records it in his brain. Thus, inter-neuronal bonds are formed and strengthened in the brain. Sleep time and quality is very important for all these developments to occur. A well-sleeped and rested baby starts the day more energetically by storing the information stored before sleep on a regular basis. So he is eager to learn new things while he is awake and can play quality games.
The relationship between the game and night's sleep can be summarized as follows. To accelerate the mental development of the baby, to play in a stimulating environment while awake; In order to reinforce the knowledge learned in the game and thus to establish new connections between neurons in the brain, to strengthen the existing bonds; They need high quality and uninterrupted night REM sleep. The only time babies can get REM sleep in a continuous and quality way is “night”. REM (Rapid Eyes Movement) sleep, which is vital for brain development, is also called active sleep. If the baby's eyes often move during sleep, breathe fast and make mouth movements or smiles, this indicates that the baby is in REM sleep. REM sleep is a state between sleep and wakefulness and the baby is ready to wake up by external factors. In order to strengthen the connections between the neurons in the brain and to shape what is learned while awake, REM sleep is required. If, for various reasons, the baby's nighttime sleep is constantly interrupted and does not get enough sleep, it may cause problems in the baby's development. Because the baby who can not get enough sleep, wakes up restless, does not play, is indifferent to the surroundings, has difficulty in concentrating on something, is incongruous and irritable to those around him. This prevents him from learning and developing by playing games. Similarly, even if the baby learns new things by playing in a stimulating environment while he is awake, if that night's sleep is often interrupted, he will not have the opportunity to process the information they have learned in the game and his learning will not be permanent, he will wake up the next day without being ready to learn again. In order for their babies to wake up happily, play long-term games, learn new things and manipulate what they have learned into the REM sleep, mothers should ensure that their babies spend their night's sleep without interruption or quality.
Healthy Sleeping Time of Babies
- In the newborn period, babies sleep approximately 11-18 hours per day. They also sleep 3-4 times during the day.
- Sleeps for 3-4 hours in a 2-3 month period and wakes up for feeding. Active sleep drops to 43%.
- When they are 3 months old, 71% of babies sleep all night.
- 4 months, longer at night; they sleep shorter during the day.
- They awaken 1-2 times in a 5-6 hour sleep cycle over a 6-month period. After waking up, 1/3-1 / 2 of the babies dive back to themselves. They sleep about 11-14 hours in total and 84% of these babies can sleep all night.
- 90% of 10 months old babies sleep all night and on average 10-13 hours per day.
- 12 months old babies sleep about 10-13 hours in total.
- Daytime sleep goes from 18 to 21 months.
- Most children between 21-36 months need half an hour to 3 hours of noon sleep per day.
- They sleep 10-12 hours a day at the age of 2.
- Play age children sleep 12-14 hours a day. They sleep 1-3 times during the day; however, care should be taken to ensure that this is not close to evening sleep.
- In the preschool period, they sleep between 11-13 hours at night and usually do not sleep during the day.
- Children between 5-12 years sleep 11 hours at night.
- Recent studies have shown that adolescents need 10 hours of sleep per night. The average is 7-7.5 hours.
- In adults, the optimal sleep time is 8 hours. As age progresses, sleep, falling asleep and dormancy times vary.