You brought a new baby to the world. You are shivering for him, if you cry a little too much, mu I wonder if he is very sick ”you worry. These are actually common problems in infancy. However, some symptoms should be closely monitored. Some problems seem to be normal, iron deficiency in the baby Acibadem Hospital Hematology Specialist. Dr. Cengiz Canpolat answers this question:
: What is Anemia?
Professor Dr. Cengiz Canpolat: Medical name anemia anemia is a clinical picture that occurs as a result of the decrease in the number of red blood cells, ie, the number of red blood cells, together or separately, below normal normal values for that age.
: What does iron deficiency cause?
Professor Dr. Cengiz Canpolat: iron deficiency developing baby is restless, lack of appetite, sometimes very drowsy and sometimes insomnia infant state.Most often growth and development pauses.Hemoglobin too falls in the skin color fades. This paleness is most often into the eyelids, mouth mucosa, palms and nail beds Children with iron deficiency have an appetite for strange things. Soil, sand, ice eating conditions are seen. Iron deficiency also leads to serious mental retardation and behavior disorder. some of them are corrected.
: What are the causes of anemia?
Professor Dr. Cengiz Canpolat: The causes of anemia in childhood can be grouped into three large groups. Anemia due to insufficient production of erythrocytes and hemoglobin; anemia due to excessive destruction of erythrocytes and anemia due to blood loss.Anemia often occurs as a result of one of the mechanisms listed above is incomplete or damaged, but in some cases more than one cause can be found together. Yaş The most important age groups in the diet are between 6 months and 2 years of age, and adolescence. During these two periods of rapid growth, as a result of feeding with iron-poor foods iron deficiency anemia Irregular and excessive menstrual bleeding in girls is a factor that contributes to iron deficiency. The lack of vitamin B12, which plays an important role in the production of blood, is more common in people who are fed with vegetarian diet, while folic acid deficiency occurs in people who are fed a poor diet of green leafy vegetables. However, it should be remembered that anemia due to deficiency of these two nutrients may cause iron deficiency anemia in children.
: “Infants fed breast milk have iron deficiency anemia. M Is it true?
Professor Dr. Cengiz Canpolat: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia in children. As the iron in breast milk can be absorbed very easily, the growing milk is sufficient in terms of quantity. Iron is most commonly found in red meat, egg yolks, green vegetables and cereals. Iron in white meat is not as high as in red meat. In order to prevent iron deficiency, iron from meat and vegetables should be balanced. ”
: What should be done to prevent anemia?
Professor Dr. Cengiz Canpolat: To prevent anemia, infants should be breastfed for six months, diet should be given importance, supplementary foods rich in iron should be started in a timely and appropriate manner. Because iron transfers from the mother to the baby become more intense at the end of pregnancy, these babies are born before the iron depots are full and most of the time they are in intensive care, they have to take more blood from the babies for the tests.
: How is the treatment performed?
Professor Dr. Cengiz Canpolat: Treatment of iron deficiency is usually done with oral iron preparations. The treatment continues for an average of 3 months. It is aimed to increase hemoglobin for the first 2 months and to fill the iron stores for 3 months.