Health

Colds and flu in children

Colds and flu in children

In winter, the biggest concern of parents is colds and flu. Those who are curious about these diseases with different characteristics International Polyclinic Etiler Child Health and Diseases Specialist View Banu's Full Profile is sharing with you.

: What is a cold?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: It is popularly known as colds.

: Why in children?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: It is a viral infection. It is transmitted by droplets spread by sneezing or coughing.

: What are the symptoms?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: Runny nose, nasal congestion, sore throat, dry cough, weakness and body pain can be. Some children may have a very mild fever. However, this temperature is below 38 degrees.

: What are the ways of protection?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: It is possible to avoid contact with the person with the common cold. Parents think that they will protect their children in layers during winter. However, the common cold is not related to cold. The only thing that parents should pay attention to is to try to keep their children as far away as possible from people who have a cold.

: What is the treatment?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: Symptomatic treatment of soothing nose, pain relief medications with room air humidification and plenty of fluid intake is recommended. In such cases, it is quite wrong for families to resort to antibiotics as the first choice. Antibiotics have no use in the treatment of colds.

: What is flu?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: It is a viral infection carried by droplets spread by coughing or sneezing. Influenza viruses, which settle in the upper and lower respiratory tract, proliferate and spread rapidly.

: What are the differences with the common cold?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: Flu is more severe than the common cold, is more contagious and may not be limited to the respiratory tract.

: What are the symptoms of influenza?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: There are fever, headache, muscle pain and cough. Sometimes it is not limited to the respiratory tract and may affect other organs such as the middle ear, heart, and liver.

: What is the treatment of influenza?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: Treatment is symptomatic. Antibiotics do not help. Decongestant drugs that relieve nasal congestion, painkillers, antipyretics are used. In cases where the patient is not receiving sufficient fluid and vomiting is accompanied by intravenous fluid treatment may be required.

: Should the flu vaccine be given to children?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: It is recommended for children with frequent and severe respiratory infections or with systemic disease (such as heart and respiratory diseases). Its effectiveness is around 60-70% in children. In other words, children who have been vaccinated can also have flu. We recommend vaccination from an age. Must be done in autumn.