Park Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital Child Health and Diseases and Child Nephrology
Specialist Assoc. Dr. Mahmut Çivilibal explains.
What are the ways to combat the fearful gas of both the baby and mothers, especially in the early periods? Infantile colic (gas pains) is defined as crying seizures in infants between 2-3 weeks and 3 months that last more than 3 days a week and last for at least 3 hours at the same time of day. The pediatrician who follows the baby should give detailed information about infantile colic to the family. It should not be forgotten that the reason for each crying is not the gas pains. Along with high-tone excessive crying, it is usually seen to pull feet on the abdomen, stretch, increase abdominal distension, bowel sounds, vomiting, constipation or frequent pooing. The most effective way to tackle the gas pains is to grasp the subject well, to eliminate any causes and to try to calm the baby by the following methods. The most important thing to know is that this distress will disappear when the baby is 3 or 4 months old at the latest. What are the causes of gas in the baby? Infantile colic (IC) is one of the most common diseases in terms of spontaneous recovery despite its frequent occurrence and serious discomfort to parents. The reasons can be explained as follows;
Depending on the digestive system: Infants develop pain due to abnormal bowel movements during intestinal motility. The motilin substance in the blood of these babies was found to be higher than normal. Motilin accelerates gastric emptying and intestinal motility is a substance that increases. Feeding the mother is also an important factor affecting the baby's digestive system movements.
Interactional hypothesis: Anxiety in the mother may disrupt the relationship between the mother and the baby, as well as excessive crying, hostility to the baby and may lead to the development of an incompatible relationship. Conflicts related to marriage in the family, the mother's inability to spend time with the baby, the inability to care for the baby are other risk factors.
Central nervous system development: Serotonin bleaches the smooth muscle of the intestine and melatonin relaxes the intestine. Both jump in the evening and are released at a certain rhythm. In the first months, the relaxation period is not sufficient due to insufficient melatonin in the intestines, usually it is released enough after 3 months and colic pain disappears after 3 months.How to calm the baby in gas pains?Almost every time the baby feels himself safe in order to breastfeed. Visual, auditory, and tactile stimuli will be helpful, with slight dancing on the lap, or shaking, caressing. Therefore, excessive amount and number of drugs should be avoided. Bathing and massaging near the crying hours can relax the baby. Reducing the stimuli around babies and keeping them in a calm environment, mother and father attitude can also help to calm down. What can be done to prevent the formation of gas in babies? It is important that the baby is breastfed alone. However, it is very important for the mother to pay attention to her own nutrition and to stay away from gas-forming foods, as it is also seen in infants who are breastfed alone. Allergies and colic pain may develop when alpha lactalbumin in cow's milk is passed on to the baby. In addition, soy, coffee, nuts, peanuts, chocolate, shellfish, broccoli, green peppers and spicy foods can have a similar effect. What are your recommendations for mothers who have this problem? Behavioral treatment and baby comfort are the most effective methods. Herbal teas and herbal origin degassing syrups should not be used without doctor's knowledge as they may cause side effects. There are various drugs used in the treatment, but their effects are very limited. Never use gas medication without doctor's advice.