Due to various changes in the body during pregnancy, expectant mothers may encounter problems from time to time. Things to be aware of during various periods of pregnancy vary. During the 9-month pregnancy, the body's adaptation to pregnancy is accompanied by troubles ranging from month to month and beauties associated with it. V.K.V. Dr. Kayhan Close She divides the pregnancy into three periods and explains the following:
First 3 Months
The beginning of pregnancy is marked by the beta-hCG hormone secreted by the embryo's attachment to the uterine wall and its effects on the body. With the effect of this hormone, general changes such as weakness, fatigue, fatigue, tendency to sleep, tenderness in the breasts, mild nausea and bloating in the abdomen first occur. While all vitamins can be taken with foods adequately, folic acid needs cannot be fully met. Therefore, it is important to note that folic acid vitamin is not missing. In fact, folic acid supplementation can be prevented by the nervous system anomalies that can be observed in the baby by starting approximately 3 months before pregnancy. If not started early, it is best to use a multivitamin containing 800 to 1000 mg of folic acid for folic acid supplementation.
When choosing foods, dairy products should be given weight, milk, yoghurt or cheese should be consumed and pasteurized every day. Raw meat-containing foods should not be consumed and hygienically risky foods should be avoided. The current warning for all periods of pregnancy is that the abundance of fluid intake is not neglected due to the high need for fluid in pregnancy. Abundant consumption of liquids such as water and natural fruit juices is very beneficial.
Early pregnancy, especially 6-12. nausea and vomiting in the mornings between weeks. Some scents such as coffee, oily and spicy foods, cigarette smell, perfume increase these complaints. These complaints, which are more common in multiple pregnancies, can sometimes be the first messenger of pregnancy. Vomiting more than three times a day for three days or continuous vomiting prevents you from getting enough nutrients, causing weight loss and impaired baby nutrition. In such a case, a short stay in the hospital and supplementation with serum, minerals and vitamins may be required.
Fatigue, headache, nausea and even fainting may occur due to drop in blood pressure due to dilation of vessels during pregnancy. The acceleration in heart rate causes more blood to circulate in the vessels faster; Thus, the baby's oxygen needs are met and body temperature increases. Sometimes it is because of the nasal congestion or bleeding of the nose and bleeding in the gums. During this period, it is necessary to be careful about hypotension. Getting up quickly from the seat or bed and very intense activity during the day can exacerbate exertional hypotension, dizziness and fainting. In this respect, it is very important to slow down the movements slightly, limit the habits of rapid movement before pregnancy and rest as soon as the dizziness is felt.
The risk of miscarriage is particularly high in the first 10 weeks. In case of bleeding during this period, you should immediately go to rest and inform your doctor. Brown stain-type bleeding is common. What we're afraid of is the light red bleeding. Requires absolute rest following a doctor's check.
Due to the development of all organs of the baby in the first 3 months, especially all medicines used in this period, should be under the control of the doctor. Unless necessary, the use of numerous vitamins, unnecessary antibiotics or painkillers should be avoided. Progesterone-containing pills and needles should be avoided in all pregnancies with the mentality of düşük not to be miscarried ülerek.
In the last week of this period (weeks 12-13), the baby will be screened for the first anomaly. Ultrasonography of the baby's nape, nasal bone and the general measurements of the evaluation of the blood and some hormone measurements to be carried out to determine the risk of carrying the baby's anomaly. This review should not be omitted in order to give your doctor important tips.
Second 3 Months
This is the period during which pregnancy can be better enjoyed. With the adaptation of the body to pregnancy, the disorders are alleviated and the emotional bond between the mother and the baby gains a very different dimension when the baby's movements are felt. During this period, appetite increases and weight gain accelerates. Foods rich in carbohydrates (bread, pasta, pastry desserts) accelerate weight gain. It is necessary to make some necessary adjustments in the diet to keep the weight gain in check. However, walking or swimming at a slight half-hour of daily pace helps to control the muscles and not to lose weight.
Magnesium and calcium supplements to common cramps in the feet and legs during this period reduce the complaints. During pregnancy, progesterone hormone, relaxation of the smooth muscles in the stomach and intestines, bowel movements and constipation, gastric acid esophagus causes esophageal burns. Food stays in the digestive tract for a long time, allowing more nutrients to absorb the baby's better nutrition. Excessive strain after constipation, especially seen in the late stages of pregnancy, has a role in the formation of hemorrhoids. In this period, the mother's heart rate increases and the pumped blood increases to provide the needs of the growing baby and vital organs of the body. Pregnancy will be an extra burden on your heart if you already have heart disease.
Vaginal discharge also increases due to increased blood supply. The presence of scent and itching along with the discharge, burning during intercourse, suggests an infection requiring treatment. Untreated vaginal infections can cause miscarriage and preterm labor. 16-18. The baby's anomaly test is repeated at 3 weeks (triple test). If an increase in the risk of anomaly is detected in the previous double test (12th-13th weeks) or triple test during this period, the genetic structure of the baby should be evaluated by amniocentesis.
In the 26th week, pregnancy related diabetes is investigated. For this purpose, after taking 50 grams of sugar, blood sugar is measured one hour later. If high levels are detected, more detailed examinations are performed. Pregnancy-related diabetes can often be controlled by diet.
Last 3 Months
Weight gain during this period of pregnancy, the weight of the baby carried and changes in posture position can cause back pain. In some pregnant women, with the effect of pregnancy hormones, loosening of the joints of the hip bones may occur, pain and pain may be felt on the hips and anterior roof bone. Sudden and heavy movements should be avoided in the last three months. Some pregnant women have difficulty walking. In this period of pregnancy, the growth of the uterus and the baby may cause pressure by pressing on the ribs.
Swelling of the legs and ankles is common in late pregnancy. Swelling of the face, wrist and wrist may be a precursor to pre-eclampsia. During this period of pregnancy, blood pressure increases in some pregnant women and may present a risky condition called pre-eclampsia. For this reason, the last 3 months should be careful not to skip blood pressure measurements.
During pregnancy, the uterine muscles show temporary contractions called Braxton Hicks contractions, which take about 20-30 seconds to prepare for delivery. These contractions are felt in the form of mild menstrual pain or slight abdominal tension. During this period of pregnancy, the baby's head is placed in the birth canal pressure on the bladder and often need to urinate. Coughing and laughing may cause urinary incontinence in the late pregnancy. Although the need for frequent urination becomes troublesome, abundant fluid consumption should not be abandoned. Abundant consumption of fruits and vegetables will help in both weight control and relieving constipation.
As the baby grows, the uterus and abdomen grow. Difficulty occurs in the lying position. Lying on your back causes discomfort in the mother and also causes a decrease in the blood flow to the baby. You should avoid lying on your back, preferably in the left side position as much as possible. You also need to be knowledgeable about the signs of birth. The presence of these signs under 37 weeks will be a precursor to preterm birth. A periodic abdominal stiffness, convulsions, a feeling of emptying a glass of water in the vagina, a bloody discharge, an early or timely birth begins and requires you to tell your doctor immediately.