The rate of obesity and insulin resistance continues to increase in countries. However, the incidence of children at a younger age seems to have landed. That is why the whole world has been in need of continuous improvement and renewal of suggestions for child and infant nutrition from infancy and preschool age. Dietician Deniz Yemişçi said, ken While the studies in America are gaining momentum, I think it will be beneficial to take a look at the suggestions made. Erek they do not exceed 20 percent of the incoming energy. The Institute of Medicine and the USDA are recommended to consume food from each food group for preschool and school age children as follows. ”
Vegetables: Preferably live and green vegetables. Spinach, sweet potatoes, carrots are the best choices. Starchy and near-white vegetables, such as corn and potatoes, contain less nutrients.
Fruits: Foods such as strawberries, apricots, raspberries, peaches and apples. Choose vitamin-rich fresh fruits for your child. Make sure that fruit juices are consumed to a minimum even if they are fresh.
Grains: Choose to eat whole and multigrain flours, whole grain breads, oatmeal, whole grain and unsweetened breakfast cereals, brown rice, bulgur and whole wheat pasta. Keep white bread and rice as far away from home as possible.
Meats and legumes: Every day, a low-fat protein source must be consumed. Tenderloin, low-fat ground beef, chicken, fish, green lentils, beans or eggs… Protein-rich foods must be prepared as boiled, baked or grilled.
Dairy products: Less oily dairy products should be preferred.
Oils: Prefer oils. Refined olive oil and hazelnut oil can be used.
Oils and sugary foods: Avoid consumption of butter, cream, cereals, soft drinks and sugar as much as possible.
In the preschool period, there may be small details to consider when starting solid foods. For example, when solid food consumption is started after the 6th month, breast milk or food should be given before breakfast, lunch or dinner. Then come a cereal product (usually barley, then rice and oats), vegetable or fruit puree. Just as you don't give your child a cake before you eat beans, you should never give your baby a sweet food before the main course. Fruit and baby puree can be added if the baby is still hungry.
Introducing solid foods: 6-12 months
Below are the foods your baby can try first. Except for bananas and avocados, they must all be baked, boiled or steamed.
Dairy products: Breast milk, formula or yogurt
Fruits: Apple, peach, avocado, banana, nectarine, apricot, pear, plum, pumpkin
Meats: Chicken or turkey meat
Vegetables: Zucchini, green beans, peas, carrots, pumpkins
I could eat myself: 12-24 months
In addition to the above, during this period you can feed other foods to your baby and improve the taste.
Dairy products: Full fat yogurt, village cheese, cream cheese, pasteurized cheese, ice cream
Grains: Pasta, whole grain breads
Fruits: Grape varieties, tropical fruits such as kiwi, mango
Protein: Egg yolk, low-fat meats, legumes
Vegetables: Asparagus, broccoli, cauliflower, artichoke, spinach
Stubborn months not to eat: 24-36 months
Dairy products: Low-fat milk, all pasteurized cheeses as requested
Grains: All grain types, preferably whole grain and multi-grain options
Fruits: Grape varieties, raspberries, blackberries, red grapes, blueberries, oranges, lemons, half or a quarter can be given in portions
Protein sources: Whole eggs, low-fat fish (other than those at risk of containing heavy metals such as tons or salmon)
Vegetables: Beet, corn, cucumber
Generally, preschool children need 1000-1400 calories per day. For this age group is suitable for consumption of small meals 5-6 small down halter.
1 cup vegetable, 1 medium fruit, 90g grain group, 60-90g meat and legumes group, 2 cup milk group, 3 teaspoons of oil should be consumed. In addition, fatty and sugary foods should be limited as much as possible.